- With Brexit, will the United Kingdom exit the European Union also as far as customs matters are concerned?
Yes, the United Kingdom has activated the exit procedure pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty and in case of no transitional agreement (Hard Brexit) the United Kingdom will exit the Union from 00.00 on 30 March 2019.
- Is there an agreement for a transition period?
An exit agreement with a transitional period, which would have allowed the United Kingdom to continue to benefit from the acquis communautaire until 31 December 2020 was reached on 13 November 2018, but it was rejected by the English Parliament on 15 January 2019.
- When will we know about the Brexit?
At the moment we have no certainty, the debate is still very heated in the UK. Currently we may foresee three scenarios:
- Great Britain asks for a postponement of the deadline of 29 March 2019, pursuant to Article 50, in order to have time to reach a new agreement or call new elections or a new referendum.
- Great Britain withdraws its request to exit the EU.
- Britain becomes a third country by midnight on 29 March 2019 without any agreement.
- What would happen if no transitional arrangement is reached?
If no agreement is reached, there would be no transition period and all consequences related to the UK’s new status would be applied already starting from 30 March 2019. In particular, this would mean that traders should reintroduce both customs (import/export and transit declarations) and non-customs obligations and procedures (sanitary and phytosanitary controls).
- What would happen to travellers entering the EU from the United Kingdom?
Travellers entering the EU from the United Kingdom carrying goods in their luggage or otherwise are entitled to duty free allowances (meaning goods exempt from import duty and VAT, and where applicable excise duty). The goods concerned and the corresponding allowances can be found at: https://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/individuals/travelling/entering-eu_en
In addition, the Customs and Monopolies Agency will set up a BREXITZONE in each of the main airports where travellers can ask for assistance. In the BREXITZONE, travellers will also find sample brochures containing guidelines on the new customs requirements for travellers to and from Great Britain.
- Can non-EU citizens get refund of VAT when leaving EU trough United Kingdom?
Visitors from outside the EU are entitled to get a refund of VAT paid on goods they have purchased during their stay in the EU provided that the goods are presented to customs on departure from the EU together with the VAT refund documents.
- I am an EU business man. In case of Hard Brexit how will my business with the United Kingdom change after 29 March 2019?
In commercial transactions, the same rules, including customs procedures, applied to non-EU third countries will apply to the United Kingdom. Operators exporting to the United Kingdom which do not usually make customs operations may go to the competent local customs office where specific support teams will be set up to minimise the impact of BREXIT on the economic fabric of the country.
- In case of Hard Brexit, if I want to carry out my customs procedures for goods coming from the United Kingdom in the customs office nearest to my company, what should I do?
The United Kingdom expressed its wish to join the common transit Convention, once the exit procedures from the EU will have been completed. Such Convention represents the legal base of the transit system both for the European Union and for some neighbouring countries, such as Switzerland. The date of entry into force of the current Convention’s provisions with the United Kingdom is not known at present. However, the European Commission is working in order to reach an arrangement as soon as possible.
- I am an exporter of alcohol products to the United Kingdom. What should I do after 29 March 2019?
In the absence of an agreement between the parties, the transfer of alcoholic products from Italy to the United Kingdom will be considered as an export of excise goods from the territory of the European Union.
In case of excisable products under duty suspension sent by road, for example, the export procedure applies, which provides for the transmission of the customs declaration by the economic operator to the customs office of export. The export operation and the circulation under suspensive regime (with the issue of e-AD) from the national tax warehouse to the place from which the products leave the EU territory are completed with the exit visa of the customs office of exit and the issue of the report of export by the customs office of export.
- I am an Authorized Economic Operator. What will change as of 30 March 2019?
AEOs, depending on the type of authorisation obtained, will continue to enjoy favourable treatment throughout the EU, in accordance with the relevant EU programme. Only AEO transactions to the UK will be considered as imports/exports, while those to other Member States will continue to be considered as intra-Community transactions.
If the United Kingdom leaves the European Union without an agreement, authorisations obtained in the United Kingdom will no longer be valid, at least until a specific Mutual Recognition Agreement is signed. Obviously, this also applies to operators who have been granted an authorisation in Italy but also operate in Great Britain.
- In case of Hard Brexit, what will happen to applications for customs protection of intellectual property rights and the related decisions granting them by the United Kingdom as of March 30th 2019?
The United Kingdom's exit from the European Union will also have an impact on customs action to protect intellectual property rights. Indeed, from 30 March 2019 it will no longer be possible to submit applications for action to the competent department of the United Kingdom Customs Administration. Likewise, the decisions granting applications issued by the United Kingdom will no longer be valid in the other EU countries. Applications for action and decisions granting EU applications submitted in other Member States will remain valid in the country of submission and in all other countries except the UK. More information is available on DGTAXUD website
- What should I do in case of doubts on customs procedures related to Brexit?
The Customs Agency website includes specific information on customs clearance, transit, controls with third countries and customs simplification procedures. It is also possible to:
- Ask questions and request assistance by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org;
- Obtain general information on the application of customs legislation, excise duties and export refunds through the telematic URP service (Office for Relations with the Public), using the procedure described on the Agency's website at the following link: https://www.adm.gov.it/portale/lagenzia/contatta-lagenzia/area-dogane/urp-telematico. In case of detailed questions concerning specific customs operations, it is possible to contact the local customs offices competent for these operations directly by consulting the Agency's website.